If climate change must be controlled, the summit will take place in the UK.
Major changes could be made to daily life by attending the meeting at Glasgow on 31 October – 12 November.
Human-caused emissions of fossil fuels are causing the planet to heat.
The severity of extreme weather events caused by climate change, such as heatwaves or floods, is increasing. It was the hottest decade on record. Governments are urging collective action.
This conference will ask 200 countries to share their plans for reducing emissions by 2030.
In 2015, they all agreed to implement changes that would keep global warming well below 2C. Pre-industrial levels were exceeded. They also agreed to try to achieve 1.5C so we don’t have a climate catastrophe.
This agreement is known as Paris Agreement. It requires that all countries continue making greater emissions reductions until net zero in 2050.
Many countries will present their plans for reducing emissions prior to the summit begins. We should be able to gauge whether or not we’re on track.
However, we are likely to see a rush of new announcements during these two weeks.
They are likely to be highly technical, including the rules that will still need to be implemented by Paris Agreement.
Other announcements include:
- Electric cars: Making the switch faster
- Accelerating the transition to coal-free power
- Reducing the number of trees to be felled
- We need to protect more people from climate change. This includes funding coastal-defence system.
Glasgow is expected to host up to 25.000 people, which includes world leaders, negotiators, and journalists.
Tens of thousands will be present to organize events and network with other businesses. Extinction Rebellion calls for an immediate halt to fossil fuels.
Some form of declaration will be made at the conclusion of the conference.
Signing up for the program will require every country to do so. It could also include commitments.
There will be a lot of discussion about climate justice and money. These developing countries pollute less per person than developed nations and have not been responsible for the majority of past emission.
They are also subject to the most severe effects of climate change.
To reduce emissions and cope with climate change, they need to have money. In countries where energy is derived from coal or flood defences, it could result in more solar panels.
A battle will ensue over the payment of compensation to developing countries that have been affected by climate change.
Wealthy countries previously pledged $100bn (£720m) a year to help poorer nations by 2020. Last year’s UN Assessment found that the target would be missed so wealthier countries are now being asked for more money.
China’s commitments to COP26 are also very important. China has made investments in numerous coal stations throughout the world, and is currently the biggest polluter.
Many people will pay attention to how rapidly China and other large fossil fuel producers are willing to decrease their dependence.
We could be directly affected by some commitments made at Glasgow.
This could affect your choice of whether to drive a gasoline car or heat your house with a gas stove, and even how many flights you take.
- COP26COP is the Conference of the Parties. COP1 was established by the UN in 1995. This will be the 26th.
- Paris Agreement:Paris Agreement brought together all countries of the world in one agreement to address global warming.
- IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change analyzes recent climate change research
- 1.5C Scientists say that keeping the global temperature rise below 1.5C, compared to pre-industrial times, will prevent the most severe impacts of climate change.
The UK as the host nation will probably want all countries backing a strong declaration that commits to net zero carbon emissions by 2050, and large reductions by 2030.
It will require specific commitments to end coal, petrol cars, and protect nature.
To adapt to the rising temperature, developing countries will need a substantial financial package for five years.
Any less than this will be deemed inadequate, as there isn’t enough time to achieve the 1.5C goal.
However, scientists argue that the world’s leaders are too late to achieve 1.5C, regardless of how much is agreed on at COP26.
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